quinta-feira, 18 de agosto de 2011


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1) A.C.L. - Art Reference Bureau

'Deposition', by Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish baroque artist.

EUROPE, LONDON - When Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571-1610) arrived in Rome in 1592 to join the studio of celebrated artist Cavaliere d'Arpino, the young apprentice was relegated to painting fruit and vegetables. But the vivid realism of Caravaggio's early works laid the foundations for a new genre - still life - and artistic style: Baroque. The Royal Academy's exhibition of Baroque painting, titled 'The Genius of Rome, 1592-1623' features 145 works produced by Caravaggio and already established European artists like Peter Paul Rubens, Adam Elsheimer and Annibale Carracci who flocked to the Eternal City at the turn of the 16th century in pursuit of the lucrative commission offered by Pope Clement VIII and his cardinals. Through April 16.
TIME, FEBRUARY 12, 2001.

Which of the following statements regarding Caravaggio is not correct?

died at the age of 39
began a new style in painting
only painted vegetables and fruit
was very young when he arrived in Rome
is known for an artistic style called Baroque

2) According to the text,
the exhibition in London presents more than 145 paintings
Caravaggio painted 145 still lifes during his lifetime
Rubens, Elsheimer and Carracci were strongly influenced by Caravaggio
Rubens, Elsheimer and Carracci strongly influenced Caravaggio's works
Pope Clement VIII paid Caravaggio to paint only still lifes

3) The Eternal City in the text refers to
Royal Academy

4) According to the text,
all the painters mentioned were born in Italy in the 16th century
d'Arpino was never able to be so famous as his followers
Pope Clement's cardinals invited Caravaggio to visit Rome in 1592
Rubens, among others, came to Rome after Caravaggio's arrival
the exhibition is going to be presented from April 16 on


Drugs, no matter how effective, can fight AIDS only when delivered to the people who need them. On that front, the war against HIV has been a dismal failure. Some 72% of the world's estimated 5.3 million new infections per year are in Africa. Yet virtually no one is getting treatment. new analyses show this is more than a health catastrophe: The epidemic can cause economic crises and pose national security risks for the U.S. 'Africa has no chance of developing without first addressing AIDS, malaria, and other diseases,' says economist Jeffrey D. Sachs, director of the Harvard Center for International Development. If these diseases are not controlled, the continent will slow the growth of the global economy. And the societal breakdowns from disease may lead directly to conflicts and mass migrations requiring intervention by the West. 'There's a recognition by the CIA and the U.N. Security Council that this pandemic fundamentally threatens U.S. interests,' says Sachs. Compared with the huge cost of doing nothing, he says, spending $2 billion to $5 billion to prevent and treat AIDS is a bargain.

The Toll of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • 3.8 MILLION infected during 2000

  • 25.3 MILLION living with infections at the end of 2000

  • 2.4 MILLION deaths during 2000

  • Data: Joint U.N. Program on HIV/AIDS

    What does the text call 'a bargain'?
    The cost of new researches regarding the cure of AIDS
    The cost of preventing and treating AIDS
    The cost of about $ 2 million for Africa to prevent AIDS
    The cost of about $ 5 million for Africa to treat AIDS
    The threat that Africa faces to have millions of people killed by AIDS

    6) On what front, according to the text, the fight against HIV hasn't been a success so far?
    Nobody is getting treatment in Africa, even those who have been infected for years
    Half of the 5.3 million new infections aren't being treated
    72% of infected people in Africa are not under treatment
    Infected people in Africa aren't being treated
    People who really need treatments all over the world are not getting them

    7) Mass migrations and intervention by the Western world will be
    a consequence of the lack of control of certain diseases in Africa
    a cause of wrong treatments in Africa
    a cause of new cases of AIDS reported year after year
    consequence of bad administration of drugs in Africa
    consequence of the lack of medicines to provide to the affected in Africa

    The publicly funded Human Genome Project and Celera, the private company run by Craig Venter, have found some astonishing things about our genes

    99.9%: The proportion of genes that are identical in every person around the world. It is an indication of how recently the human species arouse.

    40,000: The maximum number of genes in our cells; it may be as few as 27,000. Until now scientists believed that there were around 100,000.

    40%: The proportion of our genes that are similar to those of the nematode worm;

    60% are like those of the fruit fly and 90% are similar to those found in mice.

    99%: Part of our DNA that we share with chimpanzees. Only one major difference has been found: humans lack a certain sugar on the surface of body cells.

    223: Genes that our ancestors appear to have acquired directly from bacteria.

    500: Olfactory genes we lost by prehumans, apparently sacrificed to concentrate on sight and other senses.

    98.5%: Part of the genome that is taken up by so-called jumping genes, believed by scientists to be just clutter.

    33%: Proportion of the sequence of human genes that has been finalized. Researchers estimate it will take another two years to complete the whole.

    Sources: International Herald Tribune; New Scientist (2, 3, 4 and 5); International Herald Tribune; New Scientist

    TIME, FEBRUARY 26, 2001

    According to the text
    so far most scientists were sure that there were only 27,000 genes in our cells
    it's almost certain now that humans appeared not so long ago
    90% of all humans have very similar genes to those of rats.
    chimps have more genes than most human beings
    humans living today have been losing 500 olfactory genes year after year

    9) It's very possible that
    any worm has more genes than a human being
    it's now proven that humans have 100,000 genes, or so
    very small amounts of genes are equal in every person
    it will take a couple of years for surveyors to complete the whole sequence of human genes
    chimpanzees don't have a certain kind of sugar on the surface of body cells

    10) According to the text you've just read
    our forefathers most probably got genes from bacteria
    33% of human genes are yet to be discovered
    scientists know now that a small part of the genome is made up of clutter
    99.9% of our genes look like a mouse's genes
    flies have up to 90% of genes that are similar to humans

    11) Complete the sentence below with the correct Question-Tag:

    'Until now scientists believed that there were around 100,000 genes in our cells, _____________?'
    weren't there
    were there
    don't they
    did they
    didn't they


    A woman worker at a machinery plant, part of the program for expansion of heavy industry.


    Staying with local families can be a good way to learn about foreign cultures. But it can also be a potential source of embarrassment for visitors unfamiliar with local customs. The Korea National Tourist Association wants travelers to avoid such pitfalls. Its free guide, Home-Stay in Korea, includes etiquette tips such as: don't wear shoes in the house, never blow your nose during a meal, and make sure you don't grip too hard when shaking hands. The guide also features information on seven home stay agencies. For details, see www.visitkorea.or.kr/english.

    O texto menciona
    a distribuição gratuita de um dicionário para quem pretende ficar um certo tempo na Coréia
    a venda de um jornal destinado a ensinar às pessoas algumas coisas sobre a cultura coreana
    a edição de um folheto pago específico para o turista que visita a Coréia.
    a publicação de um manual gratuito que ensina às pessoas como se comportar na Coréia
    a edição de um guia direcionado para quem for se hospedar em hotéis ou casas de família na Coréia

    13) In Korea it's recommended that you
    shake hands with someone you don't really know
    take off your shoes whenever you enter a house
    tip somebody
    scratch your nose
    stay with local families for over seven days

    14) Complete adequately the sentence below:
    'Staying with local families can be good. _________ staying in an American campus'
    So could
    So can't
    But can
    Neither can
    So can

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