segunda-feira, 30 de agosto de 2010

SONG: Clocks - Coldplay

Clocks - Coldplay

Composição: Chris Martin / Guy Berryman / Jon Buckland / Will Champion

The lights go out and I can't be saved
Tides that I tried to swim against
Have brought me down upon my knees
Oh I beg, I beg and plead, singing
Come out of things unsaid
Shoot an apple off my head and a
Trouble that can't be named
A tiger's waiting to be tamed, singing
You are
You are
Confusion never stops
Closing walls and ticking clocks
Gonna come back and take you home
I could not stop that you now know, singing
Come out upon my seas
Cursed missed opportunities
Am I a part of the cure?
Or am I part of the disease? Singing
You are, you are, you are
You are, you are, you are
And nothing else compares
Oh nothing else compares
And nothing else compares
You are
You are
Home, home where I wanted to go
Home, home where I wanted to go
Home, home where I wanted to go
Home, home where I wanted to go


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coldplay are an English alternative rock band, formed in London in 1997. Chris Martin, who became the lead vocalist and frontman of the band and Jonny Buckland, who became lead guitarist, were looking forward to form a band while at University College London.[1] After forming Pectoralz, Guy Berryman joined the group as a bassist and they changed their name to Starfish afterwards.[2] Will Champion joined as a drummer and backup vocalist who plays various instruments, making the band's lineup complete. Out of the four, one member was considered to be fifth of the group; Phil Harvey has been the group's band manager.[3] The band finally renamed to "Coldplay" in 1998.[4] Tim Rice-Oxley was to be added to the lineup, but he refused to as he is working with Keane.[5] The band later recorded and released three EPs; Safety in 1998, Brothers & Sisters as a single in 1999 and The Blue Room in the same year. The latter was their first release on a major label, after signing to Parlophone.[6]
Coldplay's early material was compared to acts such as Radiohead, Jeff Buckley, U2, and Travis.[7] They achieved worldwide fame with the release of the single "Yellow" in 2000, followed by their debut album released in the same year, Parachutes, which was nominated for the Mercury Prize. The band's second album, A Rush of Blood to the Head (2002), won multiple awards, including NME's Album of the Year. Their next release, X&Y, received a slightly less enthusiastic yet still generally positive reception upon its release in 2005. The band's fourth studio album, Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2008), was produced by Brian Eno and released again to largely favourable reviews, earning several Grammy nominations and wins.[8] Coldplay have sold over 50 million records worldwide.[9]
Since the release of Parachutes, Coldplay have drawn influence from other sources, including Echo & the Bunnymen,[10] Kate Bush, George Harrison[11] and Muse[12] on A Rush of Blood to the Head, Johnny Cash and Kraftwerk for X&Y [13] and Blur, Arcade Fire and My Bloody Valentine on Viva la Vida.[14] Coldplay have been an active supporter of various social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign and Amnesty International. The group have also performed at various charity projects such as Band Aid 20, Live 8, Sound Relief, Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief, and the Teenage Cancer Trust.[15]

VOCABULARY: Vestuário - Clothes

Nesta seção, estudaremos o vestuário em Inglês. Confira as principais peças de nosso vestuário!
* BrE = British English
* NAmE = North American English


Polo Shirt
Denim Jacket

Dressing gown (BrE)
Bathrobe (NAmE)

Nightdress (BrE)
Nightgown (NAmE)
Pants (NAmE)
Trousers (BrE)

Leather Coat
Cargo Pants
Bermuda Shorts

Check Pyjamas (BrE)
Checked Pajamas (NAmE)
Panties (NAmE)
Knickers (BrE)

Underwear / Underclothes

Waistcoat (BrE)
Vest (NAmE)
Tights (BrE)
Pantyhose (NAmE)
Trunks / Swimming trunks
Swimming Costume (BrE) / Swimsuit (BrE, NAmE)

Braces (BrE)
Suspenders (NAmE)



Tennis Shoes


Tests on Common Errors in English


Homophones and other confusing words.

Common esl spelling mistakes and confusing words in English language. Here's a list of some words, which are often used incorrectly. Includes short explanations and exercises. Click on any word in a list to go to the exercise.

Online Interactive Homophone Practice

Accept : (verb) - to receive willingly, to approve, to aggree.
Except : (preposition or verb) - exclusion or leave out.

Ad : An advertisement.
Add : to combine, join, unite or to find a sum.

Advice : (noun) - suggestion or recommendation.
Advise : (verb) - to suggest.

Affect : (verb) - to change.
Effect : (noun) - result.

Ate : Past tense of verb [to eat].
Eight : number 8.

Buy : (verb) - to purchase.
By : next to something, by way of something.
Bye : Used to express farewell. Short for [goodbye].

Choose : (verb) to make a choice or selection.
Chose : past tense of the verb [to choose].
Choice : (noun) choosing; selection.

Cite : to mention something or to quote somebody as an example or proof.
Site : the location of an event or object. A website.
Sight : ability to see, a thing that can be seen.

Decent : kind, tolerant, respectable, modest.
Descent : family origins or ancestry. Also the process of coming or going down.
Dissent : (verb or noun) disagreement with a prevailing or official view.

Desert : (verb) to leave or abandon. (noun) waterless land with no vegetation and covered with sand.
Dessert : sweet food served after the meal.

Eat : to put food into the mouth, chew it and swallow it.
It : the thing, animal or situation which has already been mentioned.

Four : number 4
For : to indicate the object, aim, or purpose of an action or activity.

Here : in, at, or to this place.
Hear : to perceive (sound) by the ear.

Knew : past simple of the verb [to know].
New : recently created.

Know : (verb) to be familiar with someone or something.
Now : at the present time or moment.
No : negative reply, refusal or disagreement.

Many : consisting of a large number, numerous.
Money : currency or coins issued by a government that can be exchanged for goods and services.

Off : away, at a distance in space or time.
Of : belonging to or connected with someone or something.

Peace : freedom from war and violence.
Piece : a part of something.
All ESL Tests on this page remember each incorrectly answered question and ask that question many times.. until you give the correct answer. Test is completed only when you know all the answers.
You may change test mode from "Multiple choice" to "Spelling lesson", which is more useful activity since you will learn not only the meaning of the word but also its spelling.

Quizzes are based on sentences from VOA News - Voice of America, with addition of sentences from news sources and online books. For an explanation of common English usage errors and how to avoid making them see list of errors from Common Errors in English page.

A Few Helpful Definitions
What are Homophones? - Words which have the same pronunciation but different meanings and (sometimes) spellings.
What are Homonyms? - Words which have the same pronunciation and spelling but different meanings.
What are Homographs? - Words which have the same spellings but different meaning and (sometimes) pronunciation.

Then : refers to time or consequence.
Than : used to compare or contrast things.

There : place or position.
Their : possessive word that shows ownership of something.

To : preposition (I went to school) or part of an infinitive (to go, to wwork).
Too : also (I like you too) or in excess (That is too much).
Two : number 2

Wander : to walk aimlessly or without any destination.
Wonder : (noun) feeling of surprise and admiration. (verb) desire to know.

Weather : the atmospheric conditions in area, with regard to sun, cloud, temperature, wind and rain.
Whether : introduces indirect question involving alternative possibilities.

Where : to, at or in what place.
Were : past tense of the verb [to be]
Wear : to have clothing, glasses, etc. on your body.

Write : (verb) To form letters, words, or symbols on a surface (like paper) with a pen or pencil.
Right : morally good, proper. Also opposite of left. 

sábado, 28 de agosto de 2010

SONG: Under The Same Sun - Scorpions

Under The Same Sun
Composição: Mark Hudson
I saw the morning
It was shattered by a gun
Heard a scream, saw him fall, no one cried
I saw a mother
She was praying for her son
Bring him back, let him live, don't let him die
Do you ever ask yourself
Is there a Heaven in the sky
Why can't we get it right
'cause we all live under the same sun
We all walk under the same moon
Then why, why can't we live as one
I saw the evening
Fading shadows one by one
We watch the lamb, lay down to the sacrifice
I saw the children
The children of the sun
How they wept, how they bled, how they died
Do you ever ask yourself
Is there a Heaven in the sky
Why can't we stop the fight
'cause we all live under the same sun
We all walk under the same moon
Then why, why can't we live as one
Sometimes I think I'm going mad
We're loosing all we had and no one seems to care
But in my heart it doesn't change
We've got to rearrange and bring our world some love
And does it really matter
If there's a heaven up above
We sure could use some love
'Cause we all live under the same sky
We all look up under at the same stars
Then why, why can't we live as one
'cause we all live under the same sun
We all walk under the same moon
We all live under the same sky
We all look up at the same stars
Then why, tell me why can't we live as one


quinta-feira, 26 de agosto de 2010

SONG: Somebody to Love - GLEE

Somebody to Love


Composição: Freddie Mercury
Can anybody find me somebody to love?
Each morning I get up I die a little
Can barely stand on my feet
(Take a look at yourself)Take a look in the mirror and cry
Lord what you're doing to me
I have spent all my years in believing you
But I just can't get no relief Lord
Somebody (somebody) ooh somebody (somebody)
Can anybody find me somebody to love?
I work hard (he works hard) everyday of my life
I work till I ache my bones
At the end (at the end of the day)
I take home my hard earned pay all on my own
I get down (down) on my knees (knees)
And I start to pray (praise the Lord)
Till the tears run down from my eyes
Lord somebody (somebody) ooh somebody (please)
Can anybody find me somebody to love?
(He wants help)
Every day - I try and I try and I try -
But everybody wants to put me down
They say I'm goin' crazy
They say I got a lot of water in my brain
Got no common sense
I got nobody left to believe
Yeah - yeah yeah yeah
Somebody (somebody)
Can anybody find me somebody to love?
(Anybody find me someone to love)
Got no feel I got no rhythm
I just keep losing my beat (you just keep losing and losing)
I'm OK I'm alright (he's alright)
Ain't gonna face no defeat
I just gotta get out of this prison cell
Some day I'm gonna be free Lord
Find me somebody to love find me somebody to love
Find me somebody to love find me somebody to love
Find me somebody to love find me somebody to love
Find me somebody to love find me somebody to love
Find me somebody to love find me somebody to love
Somebody somebody somebody somebody somebody
Find me somebody find me somebody to love
Can anybody find me somebody to love
Find me somebody to love
Find me somebody to love
Find me somebody to love
Find me find me find me
Find me somebody to love
Somebody to love
Find me somebody to love...

LEITURA: Intelligent Animals

 Directons: Read the text below. Then read the questions that follow it and choose the best answer to each question- A, B or C.

Intelligent Animals

Dolphins are not the only animals besides humans that use sounds in an apparently intelligent manner. Whales also use complex system of sounds, similar in many ways to a human language. One type of whale even sings, and its songs can go on for as long as three or four hours. What is more, they can be heard under water at distances of more than 300 kilometres.  After analyzing one of the songs with the help of a computer, scientists said it contained at least a million ‘bits’ of information. This is approximately the same amount of ‘bits’ as in a long poem like the Oddysey.
Chimpanzees also use a system of different sounds to communicate with each other. One type of cry seems to mean something like ‘danger in the air’ and another apparently means ‘danger on the ground’.
Chimpanzees are also capable of learning sign language. So are gorillas. One chimp called Washoe learned to make about 160 separate signs meaning such things as ‘give me a drink’ and ‘banana’. Washoe even learned to swear. She had a teacher called Jack who once refused to give her a drink. Washoe got angrier and angrier and used several signs which meant ‘dirty Jack’!
A group of chimps at a research institute in Atlanta, Georgia, have recently been taught to type sentences, using special computer. The chimps’ trainer was called Tim, and he kept correcting the mistakes one of the chimps made. The chimp obviously wanted Tim to stop correcting him and typed out the following request: “Tim, please leave room!”

1. How do whales show their intelligence?   
A. They use a special system of sound signals.
B. They can analyse complex songs.
C. They can understand long poems.
2. The computer analysis of a whale’s song showed that
A. it included a huge amount of information.
B. it related the events of the Oddysey.
C. it can last for several hours.
3. Besides dolphins and whales, chimpanzees can also
A. sing under water.
B. make offensive signs.
C. use sounds to communicate.
4. What is NOT true about Washoe?
A. She refuses to give her teacher a drink.
B. She was irritated by her teacher.
C. She made several offensive signs.
5. The chimp from Atlanta was annoyed because
A. his teacher refused to leave the room.
B. his teacher made obvious mistakes.
C. his teacher didn’t stop correcting hi mistakes.

Answer key:
1.     A
2.     A
3.     C
4.     A
5.     C



Wherever You Will Go

The Calling

Composição: Alex Band e Aaron Kamin
So lately, been wondering
Who will be there to take my place
When I'm gone you'll need love to light the shadows on your face
If a great wave shall fall and fall upon us all
Then between the sand and stone, could you make it on your own
If I could, then I would
I'll go wherever you will go
Way up high or down low,
I'll go wherever you will go
And maybe, I'll find out
A way to make it back someday
To watch you, to guide you, through the darkest of your days
If a great wave shall fall and fall upon us all
Then I hope there's someone out there
Who can bring me back to you
If I could, then I would
I'll go wherever you will go
Way up high or down low
I'll go wherever you will go
Run away with my heart
Run away with my hope
Run away with my love
I know now, just quite how
My life and love might still go on
In your heart and your mind,
I'll stay with you for all of time
If I could, then I would
I'll go wherever you will go
Way up high or down low
I'll go wherever you will go
If I could turn back time
I'll go wherever you will go
If I could make you mine
I'll go wherever you will go (x2)


What is an emergency?

An emergency is when something bad happens and you need some help right away. Sometimes you need a police officer, a firefighter, or a paramedic to help you. A paramedic is a person who can give emergency medical help when a doctor isn't there.
Calling 911

In many cities, you can call 911 on your phone to get help in an emergency. It's easy to remember that number, but it's only for emergencies. In San Francisco, you can call 553-0123 if it's not an emergency. Sometimes people call 911 when it's not an emergency. That's bad. 911 is only for emergencies, when people can't wait.

Sometimes you need a police officer, but it's not an emergency. Don't call 911. Sometimes something happens, but you don't need a police officer. If you have a car accident, for example, and no one is hurt and the damage to the cars is small, you don't need to tell the police. Don't call 911.

This is how the San Francisco 911 operator answers the phone: "San Francisco 911. What is the exact location of your emergency?" 911 can send police officers, firefighters, or paramedics to help you. They have to know the location (the place) of the emergency. They also might ask, "What is the nature of your emergency?" That means they want to know what's happening or what's wrong. If you call 911 with an emergency, tell them where you are and what happened.

If you call 911 from your cell phone in San Francisco, sometimes it might be a problem. The 911 call can go to the California Highway Patrol. They take care of problems on the highway, and they might be far away. To call 911 from a cell phone in San Francisco, you can call 553-8090. The San Francisco police will answer that phone just like 911.
Look at the sentence. Choose True or False.

   1. A paramedic is a doctor.
         1. True.
         2. False.

   2. A paramedic can give emergency medical help when a doctor isn't there.
         1. True.
         2. False.

   3. You should call 911 every time you need a police officer.
         1. True.
         2. False.

   4. You should call 911 if you have an emergency.
         1. True.
         2. False.

   5. In San Francisco, you should call 553-4567 if you want a police officer when it's not an emergency.
         1. True.
         2. False.

   6. It's okay to call 911 if you don't have an emergency.
         1. True.
         2. False.

   7. When you call 911, the first thing they ask is "What's your name?"
         1. True.
         2. False.

   8. 911 can only send paramedics to help you.
         1. True.
         2. False.

   9. If you call 911, you should tell them where you are and what happened.
         1. True.
         2. False.

  10. If you are in a car accident, but no one is hurt and the damage to the cars is small, you should call 911.
         1. True.
         2. False.



A pharmacist is a person who studies and knows about different kinds of medicine. Pharmacists study in college and then take a state test to get a license. A pharmacy is a store that sells medicine. In the United States, we often call those stores drugstores. Drugstores also sell a lot of other things, like shampoo, crackers, combs, magazines, candy, etc. The part of the drugstore that sells medicine is usually under a sign that says Pharmacy.
There are two kinds of medications in the United States. One kind of medicine is over the counter or OTC. You can just go into a drugstore and buy it. However, you have to read the label carefully. The label is in small print and uses a lot of vocabulary, but it has important information. Most OTC medicine labels include information like indications, directions, warnings and drug interaction precautions
The other kind of medication is prescription medication. If you want to buy this medicine, you need a doctor's prescription. You take the prescription to the pharmacy. The pharmacist fills the prescription.
When a company makes a new kind of medicine, they give it a brand name. This name is different from its scientific name. The company takes out a patent. When the patent ends, other companies can make the same drug. However, they don't give it a brand name. Instead, they use the scientific name, and the drug is called a generic drug. The company has to make it safe and follow all the rules of the Food and Drug Administration. Some prescription plans tell you to buy generic drugs instead of brand name drugs because generic drugs are cheaper.
You can find information about various medications on the Internet. There are many websites you can visit to get some information about a particular medicine. On all of these sites, to look for drug information you can put the name of the drug in the box and click Search or you can click on the first letter of the drug at the top of the page to find it alphabetically. Links to some of these sites are here: (They will come up in a new browser window. Close the window to come back to this page.)
Click on the link to Medicine Activities to go to the next part of this reading. It has a vocabulary list, a matching exercise, and a true/false test with four parts. When you click on the link, the next page will open in a new browser window.



Goo Goo Dolls

Composição: Johnny Rzeznik
And I'd give up forever to touch you
'Cause I know that you feel me somehow
You're the closest to heaven that I'll ever be
And I don't want to go home right now
And all I can taste is this moment
And all I can breathe is your life
And sooner or later it's over
I just don't want to miss you tonight
And I don't want the world to see me
'Cause I don't think they'd understand
When everything's made to be broken
I just want you to know who I am
And you can't fight the tears that ain't coming
Or the moment of truth in your lies
When everything feels like the movies
Yeah you bleed just to know you're alive
And I don't want the world to see me
'Cause I don't think they'd understand
When everything's made to be broken
I just want you to know who I am
And I don't want the world to see me
'Cause I don't think they'd understand
When everything's made to be broken
I just want you to know who I am
And I don't want the world to see me
'Cause I don't think they'd understand
When everything's made to be broken
I just want you to know who I am
I just want you to know who I am
I just want you to know who I am
I just want you to know who I am

quarta-feira, 25 de agosto de 2010

LEITURA: Worrying about the Environment



Many people are worried about the environment. They are afraid that people are making the air, water, and land dirty. They think it is not good for the future. They worry because companies that manufacture things aren't careful and can harm the environment. They worry because people throw too much away. They worry when people don't understand how to do little things to help the environment. They think that education will help people understand better.
One way people can help is to remember the saying, Reduce, reuse, recycle. Click on the words below to see what they mean.

Where does our garbage go?

San Francisco garbage collections are made every week. You put your garbage can full of trash out in front of your house on a certain day every week. The garbage collectors empty it into their garbage trucks. What happens to the garbage after that? The trucks take the garbage to a landfill. A landfill is a place where they bury garbage. They try to fix the landfill so the garbage won't leak out. The garbage is covered with earth.
Most of San Francisco's garbage is sent to the Altamont Landfill. A landfill can only take a certain amount of garbage. After it is full, it can't take any more. If we send less garbage to the landfill, we will be able to use it longer.

San Francisco Waste Diversion

California law says that all cities must have 50% waste diversion. Only 50% of their waste can go to the landfill. In 2002, San Francisco set a goal of 75% waste diversion by 2010. Click the button to see how San Francisco is doing.

San Francisco Recycling

At first, the garbage collection companies gave San Francisco residents a blue box for their recyclables. People had to separate the newspapers from the bottles and the cans. Then they started a new program called the Fantastic Three. In the new program, residents get three carts of different colors. The blue one is for recyclables, the green one is for food and yard trimmings, and the black one is for other garbage. You can mix all the recyclable material together.

Questions and Answers

Why does San Francisco collect food scraps?

San Francisco is the first large city in the United States to have a citywide collection of food scraps. San Francisco has about 7,000 food establishments. Food waste is more than 25 percent of all the waste in the city. This is a pretty high number, so it's important to find a way to use the food waste and reduce the amount of garbage that goes to the landfill.

What happens to the compostables in the green cart?

Composting takes organic matter and makes it into a soil-like mixture that can help plants grow better. The San Francisco garbage collectors take more than 300 tons of organic material each day to a compost facility near Vacaville. The compost has many nutrients that plants need. The finished compost goes to commercial nurseries, companies that make potting soil, almost 200 vineyards, and some farms. Here are two pictures from the compost facility. You can see the plastic covers that help make it hot so the material can change into compost.

How can you keep the old food and put it in the green cart?

You can put your food scraps in a paper milk carton or a Chinese restaurant take-out box. You can wrap them in newspaper or a paper bag. You can buy special bags that are compostable. A list of stores that sell special compostable bags is here.

What happens to the recyclables in the blue cart?

The recyclables get sorted at the Solid Waste Transfer and Recycling Center. Here are some pictures:

What if you have things too big for the carts?

The garbage collectors will make two free bulky item collections from each residence each year. Owners of apartment buildings can have one collection per building per year. Tenants of apartment buildings can also have one collection per year. The pick up is for up to ten items, placed at the curb. You can read more about how to prepare the materials for a bulky item collection and what is and is not acceptable and recyclable here.
If your garbage collector is Sunset Scavengers, call 330-1300 for information and to schedule a pick-up. If you have Golden Gate Disposal & Recycling, call 626-4000.

What if you have materials that are hazardous waste?

Some materials are considered hazardous waste and should not be thrown into the garbage. These include paint, motor oil, fertilizer, pesticides, mercury thermometers, fluorescent bulbs, batteries, and electronics. However, some of them can be recycled. You can recycle batteries at Walgreens. You can recycle fluorescent bulbs, electronics, motor oil and latex paint. For a list of places near you that take these items, click here and then use the Ecofinder on the left side of the page.

How much do we pay for garbage collection?

As of July 1, 2010, the monthly rate for a 32-gallon container is $27.55 For a 20-gallon mini-container it is $21.21. If you don't fill your garbage container, you can save money by getting the smaller mini-container. If your household gross annual income is under $21,855 for one person or a couple, or $33,075 for a family of four, you can pay lifeline rates. The Lifeline Rates for garbage are $20.66 a month for a 32-gallon can, and $15.91 per month for a 20-gallon can.

What is the Artist-in-Residence Program?

The goal of the Artist-in-Residence Program is to educate people about recycling. San Francisco Recycling & Disposal, Inc. pays artists to make art from things they find in San Francisco's garbage. During the time they are working, they talk to students and tour groups about their experiences making art from trash. At the end of their time, there is a show where people can come and see their work. Many artists are interested in joining this program. You can see some of the artists and their work at the Norcal Website.

Click here to take a test.

It will be in a new window, so you can come back to this window or use the back button for page one if you need help finding the answers.