The King of Rock'n'roll
Nos Estados Unidos dos anos 50, um menino tímido, pobre e nada brilhante na escola tornou-se um mito adorado por milhões de fãs graças à ousadia e a uma voz muito especial. Mas aos 42 anos ele morreu, vítima de seu próprio sucesso.
lvis Presley is one of the most important figures in the cultural history of the 20th century. He is universally recognised as the founder of rock'n'roll: as the first white man who could "sing like a black," he helped unleash(1) a musical - and social - revolution. His career may have gone downhill after that but, since his death at the age of 42, he has been responsible for a second, even more intriguing phenomenon: the birth of a bizarre religious cult, "Elvisism."
The man responsible for all this was born in a shack(2) in
The release of "Heartbreak Hotel" in 1956 turned Elvis into a national sensation, with hysterical fans mobbing(7) him wherever he went. Unfortunately, his instant success also contained the seeds(8) of his downfall(9): he left Sun for the larger RCA and acquired a new manager. This was the sinister "Colonel" Tom Parker, who took 50 per cent of his income(10). Nor could Presley avoid being called up by the army: this, along with the death of his much-loved mother, was to prove devastating. According to John Lennon, in creative terms, "Elvis died when he joined the army." On his release in 1960, he neglected his singing career and concentrated on making movies of poor quality. He found some stability when he married Priscilla in
In addition to his colossal powers of consumption, Elvis was pathologically generous. He was fond of giving presents (cash(12) and Cadillacs, mainly) to friends and strangers. By the time he died, there was little left of his fortune. Yet death was a "great career move": as the nation mourned(13), record sales boomed.
Reprodução Speak Up edição 153 - fevereiro/2000
Elvis Presley (Standard American/Southern accent): Sir, those kids, that come here and pay their money to see this show, come to have a good time. They're somebody's kids, they're somebody's decent kids, probably, that was [sic] raised(14) in a decent home. If they wanna... if they wanna pay their money and come out and jump around and scream and yell(15), it's their business. I'll say this, and I'd like to add it to what I just got through saying(16) about... as a rule, most of the adults are real nice. They're understanding... they... I've had them come round to me in their hundreds(17) and say, "I don't personally like your kind of music, but my children like it and so on. And if they like it, well I ain't got any kick(18) about it cos when I was young, I liked the
Elvis Presley: Yes, sir. It was back when I was about ten or eleven year old. I was on an amateur program in a fair(19).
Elvis Presley: Well, I wasn't doing the type of songs I'm doing now. Nobody knew what rock'n'roll was back in those days.
Interviewer: When you hear rock'n'roll, it gets you on fire?
Elvis Presley: When I'm doing it on the stage, you have to put on a show for people. In other words, people can buy your records and hear you sing, and they don't have to come out to hear you sing, you have to put on a show in order to draw a crowd(21). If I just stood out there and sang, but never moved a muscle, the people would say, "Well my goodness, I'll just stay home and listen to his records." But you have to give them a show, something to talk about.
Elvis Presley: My very first appearance, after I started recording, I was on a show in
8 January 1935 Elvis Aaron Presley is born in
2 shack - barraco, casa muito simples.
3 white trash - pessoas brancas de classe baixa (lit. lixo branco).
4 housing project - conjunto habitcional.
5 truck driver - caminhoneiro.
6 fee - taxa.
7 to mob - seguir.
8 seeds - sementes.
9 downfall - declínio, decadência.
10 income - renda, ganhos.
11 gargantuan - gigantesco.
12 cash - dinheiro vivo
13 to mourn - ficar de luto.
14 raised - criadas.
15 to yell - gritar.
16 what I just... saying - o que eu acabei de dizer.
17 in their hundreds - centenas deles.
18 I ain't got any kick - eu não me importo.
19 fair - feira, festa aberta.
20 girations - movimentos, rebolados (aqueles típicos de Elvis).
21 to draw a crowd - atrair uma multidão.
22 I was scared stiff - eu estava paralisado de medo.
23 I was scared stiff - eu estava paralisado de medo.
24 I was scared stiff - eu estava paralisado de medo.